“Do not marvel at this; for the hour is coming in which all who are in the graves will hear His voice and come forth—those who have done good, to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil, to the resurrection of condemnation.” John 5:28–29
Following the healing of the paralytic at the Pool of Bethesda Jesus was accused of the sacrilege of doing work on the Sabbath and in his defense of himself John records that he presents three arguments demonstrating his connection to, and equality with, God.
The first argument which we looked at yesterday is a statement declaring his equality with the Father in nature and action, “My Father has been working until now, and I have been working.”
The second argument is a declaration of his equality with the Father in power, “the Son can do nothing of Himself, but what He sees the Father do; for whatever He does, the Son also does in like manner.” John 5:19.
In the third argument Jesus declares his equality with the Father in authority, “For the Father judges no one, but has committed all judgment to the Son, that all should honor the Son just as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent Him.” John 5:22–23
In all three of these arguments Jesus declares his equality with the Father while simultaneously declaring his dependence upon the Father.
Christ’s equality with the Father is innate. Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are equal not because of decision or declaration. They’re equal because they are, and always have been, equal.
At the same time Christ is dependent upon the Father and this dependence isn’t innate, it’s a voluntary decision made for the purpose of winning the authority to give salvation to the righteous and condemnation to the wicked.
John records Jesus himself pointing to this outcome of his sacrifice, in our focus text, “Do not marvel at this; for the hour is coming in which all who are in the graves will hear His voice and come forth—those who have done good, to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil, to the resurrection of condemnation.”
It’s not merely the fact that two resurrections are here described that’s important. The context of this statement clearly points to the Son being the one that executes the power and authority to accomplish both divine actions.
Because Christ was willing to surrender his own authority to the Father he has been given the combined authority of the entire Godhead to complete heavens conflict with evil and give redemption to mankind.
O the surpassing greatness of God! O how I searchable is his ways and how infinite is his glory!