“For He will deliver the needy when he cries, the poor also, and him who has no helper. He will spare the poor and needy, and will save the souls of the needy. He will redeem their life from oppression and violence; and precious shall be their blood in His sight.” Psalm 72:12–14
Psalm seventy-two is a psalm written by Solomon celebrating the work of the Messiah when he would come.
The first aspect of the Messiah’s reign that Solomon speaks of is the righteousness of his judgment. All of his people receive justice; the poor and the children of the needy receive his protection and the oppressor is broken in pieces.
The second aspect of Messiahs reign celebrated is the peace that he will bring to his dominion. As long as the sun and the moon endure so shall the reign of the Messiah, and his peace, endure.
The third aspected celebrated is the extent of the Messiah’s dominion. It shall extend to the ends of the earth. All his enemies shall be overcome and all the kings of the earth shall bring him gifts and bow down to him.
The fourth aspect of messiah’s reign, from which our focus text was taken, is the prosperity of his kingdom. The needy are cared for, he possesses the gold of Sheba, prayers are made to him daily, there is abundance of grain, those who dwell in his city flourish.
The fifth, and final, aspect of the Messiah’s reign, as celebrated by Solomon, is its duration. His name endures forever, it lasts as long as the sun.
Of course what was not known was the path that the Messiah would have to trod before he reached the bliss and prosperity predicted in this Psalm. The Messiah’s suffering and death were alluded to in God’s first promise of him in Genesis chapter three, and illustrated in the sacrifices offered every day but still this was not something anyone wanted to think about so it was very nearly forgotten entirely.
One day soon, because Jesus walked that path of humble service, humiliation and suffering all that Solomon celebrated will come to pass. All the earth: the poor, the needy and their children, the oppressed and all the nations of the earth shall have the peace of Messiah’s justice and righteous reign. And we will reign with him forever.